By Said Amir Arjomand
A accomplished analytical view of Iran within the final 20 years, masking the improvement of theocratic govt, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' overseas coverage and local ambitions
Written via the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new concept of the progressive method and post-revolutionary reconstruction recommended by means of the Iranian case
For many americans, Iran is our most threatening enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even sooner than the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the truth? How did Ahmadinejad upward thrust to energy, and what sort of strength does he relatively have? What are the possibilities of normalizing kinfolk with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a refined and perceptive portrait of latest Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran less than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts off, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, delivering an excellent tablet biography of the fellow who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter top exemplified by way of Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic method, he lines the emergence and consolidation of the current procedure of collective rule through clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management by means of the ayatollah because the very best consultant and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the inner political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his innovative legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safety forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the capability destiny function of the innovative Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage to boot, together with the effect of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few nations loom greater in American overseas kinfolk than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, a professional on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a state nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Additional info for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
This appears to have been in accordance with Khomeini’s wish. According to Hashemi-Rafsanjani’s later testimony, the day after he and Khamenei delivered the letter of dismissal as Khomeini’s successor to Ayatollah Montazeri in Qom at the end of March 1989, they had a meeting with the ailing Khomeini in the company of the President and Vice-President of the Assembly of Leadership Experts, in which they reportedly tried to change Khomeini’s mind on the grounds that there was no other suitable candidate for succession.
But the assassination of some prominent clerics by the Mojahedin-e Khalq and other radical Islamic groups during the revolutionary power struggle of the ﬁrst two years made Khomeini change his mind. He admitted to having asked “the clergy to attend to their spiritual and guiding role after the revolution. But we made a mistake, and we should have the courage to admit our mistakes. . ”66 Hojjat al-Islam Sayyed ‘Ali Khamenei thus ran for President in 1981 and was elected with a massive turnout. 67 President Khamenei and Majles Speaker Hashemi-Rafsanjani, however, had little success in turning the Islamic Republican Party into a one-party, totalitarian agency of mass mobilization by 1987 and requested its indeﬁnite suspension, arguing that it had performed its main function of constitutionalizing the vela¯yat-e faqih and was now proving divisive.
The Council for the Revision of the Constitution continued its work at full speed and completed it on July 8, 1989. Although most important revisions were made in the month after Khomeini’s death, the Council faithfully followed his instructions. 2 The massive popular approval was Khomeini’s posthumous charismatic gift to the regime he had blessed—both to its Constitution and its President. The late Imam’s authority now seemed divided between a clerically selected Leader and a popularly elected President.
After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors by Said Amir Arjomand