By Karl Maramorosch, Thomas Mettenleiter
Released seeing that 1953, Advances in Virus Research covers a various variety of in-depth reports, delivering a helpful evaluation of the present box of virology.
- Contributions from best authorities
- Informs and updates on the entire most up-to-date advancements within the field
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Extra info for Advances in Virus Research, Vol. 92
In this process, the P3-spike protein dislocates to expose protein P6 (Fig. 3I). Protein P6 has been shown to have fusogenic activity leading to the fusion of the viral membrane with the host outer membrane (Bamford, Palva, & Lounatmaa, 1976; Bamford, Romantschuk, & Somerharju, 1987; Lounatmaa & Bamford, 1978). This process locates the NC to face the peptidoglycan layer. There is a lytic enzyme, protein P5, associated with the NC surface digesting locally the peptidoglycan layer (Caldentey & Bamford, 1992; Hantula & Bamford, 1988; Kakitani, Iba, & Okada, 1980; Mindich, Lehman, & Huang, 1979; Romantschuk & Bamford, 1981).
The viral lipids of HHPV-1 are similar to those observed for HRPV-1, and the virus acquires them unselectively from the host. , 2010). A global survey of nine different hypersaline environments resulted in the isolation of four new pleomorphic viruses similar to HRPV-1 and HHPV-1 (Fig. , 2012). , 2012). Virion morphology was studied by cryoelectron microscopy and tomography revealing that all the viruses were roughly spherical and decorated with spikes having virion diameters from 40 to 70 nm (Fig.
Consequently, bacteriophage lipids are significantly different from those found in archaeal viruses. The main differences lay in the structure of the core lipids, which for bacteria (and eukaryotes) are based on fatty acid chains ester linked to glycerol and for archaea isoprenoid side chains ether linked to the glycerol backbone. Depending on the virion structure, derivatives of these core lipids are either incorporated into the virion during assembly of the icosahedral procapsids (internal membranecontaining viruses) or translocated over a preassembled icosahedrally symmetric particle (enveloped bacterial dsRNA viruses) as well as budding through the plasma membrane (enveloped bacterial and archaeal DNA viruses).
Advances in Virus Research, Vol. 92 by Karl Maramorosch, Thomas Mettenleiter