Download e-book for kindle: Academic Freedom at American Universities. Constitutional by Philip Lee

By Philip Lee

This ebook info the felony and historic improvement of institutional and professorial educational freedoms to raised comprehend the connection among those ideas. whereas a few judges and students have considering the divergence of those protections, this booklet articulates an aligned thought that brings either the professorial and institutional theories jointly. It argues that whereas constitutionally established educational freedom does its activity in maintaining either private and non-private universities from over the top nation interference, or a minimum of it asks the perfect questions, it truly is insufficient since it fails to guard many person professors within the similar manner. This answer includes utilizing agreement legislations to fill within the gaps that constitutional legislations leaves open in regard to keeping person professors.

Contract legislations is a good replacement to constitutional legislation for 3 purposes. First, in contrast to constitutional legislations, it covers professors at either private and non-private universities....

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Additional info for Academic Freedom at American Universities. Constitutional Rights, Professional Norms, and Contractual Duties

Sample text

A sovereign fund, the China Investment Corporation (CIC) formed in 2007, was instructed to stop overseas investments (such as in the defaulting banks Bear Stern and Fortis) in order to re-orientate their investment policy towards the domestic market and the western provinces. Monetary policy: As fiscal policy was designed to stimulate demand, monetary policy was expected to lower borrowing costs during the initial phase and maintain control of inflation pressures when growth bounces back. Throughout 2009, the central bank (the People’s Bank of China) worked out a plan including rate cuts to lower the cost of refinancing banks, as well as the interest rates paid on the bank deposits.

The stocks were then listed on the stock exchange. To ensure that the issue was a great success, the initial selling price was much lower than that expected when the shares were finally listed. In addition, some ‘political banks’ fully owned by the government were established to manage the non-performing loans granted to the SOEs; these loans have never been paid back. Some ‘privately owned’ banks were authorized – although most of them were, in reality, wholly or partially owned by government institutions or officials (private banks with a ‘red hat’).

Instead, it is more effective to approach a Party member, since both of them are reporting to the same Centre. The opposition of these two schools of thought (Confucianism versus Legalism) is a topos of Chinese rhetoric. But the two schools are not so different from each other. For both of them, education is the most important factor but something which should be reserved for the elite and dedicated to the service of the Emperor (or the State). Education teaches filial piety, respect of rites by learning the Great Classics.

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Academic Freedom at American Universities. Constitutional Rights, Professional Norms, and Contractual Duties by Philip Lee

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