By Laurie Shrage
Shrage argues that Roe v Wade's regulatory scheme of a six-month time span for abortion on call for polarized the general public and obscured possible choices with possibly broader aid. She explores the origins of that scheme, then defends an alternative one--with a time span shorter than 6 months for non-therapeutic abortions--that may well win huge aid had to make criminal abortion prone on hand to all girls.
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Additional resources for Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate (Studies in Feminist Philosophy)
Because of this, the reproductive options of most women have not expanded following Roe. By contrast, poor women in European societies, which put less emphasis on individual autonomy and more on social responsibility, have greater access to first-trimester abortion, as well as to better health- and childcare for their dependents, and thus have more reproductive choices. So although the decision to abort is less protected from societal interference, when a woman's decision meets societal expectations, she has greater access to medical resources.
In the next chapter, I will argue that neither privacy-based nor equality-based justifications re- is Roe viable? 25 quire that the right to unrestricted abortion be as broad as six months. Moreover, none of these defenses requires that the right to unrestricted abortion be limited by some fetal capacity such as viability. Although Rhoden recognizes the ways in which the concept of "viability" has become morally irrelevant, she argues for retaining viability to mark the upper limit for unrestricted abortion.
But endorsing a theory of when a protohuman life begins is no better than endorsing a theory of when a human life begins. Dworkin's third reason for the appropriateness of viability is more compatible with his general analysis that, when the state regulates abortion, it is fulfilling its responsibility to uphold a fundamental social value. Although the state may not impose a particular way of respecting the sanctity of human life, it can proscribe actions that reflect indifference to this principle without violating our privacy or freedom of conscience.
Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate (Studies in Feminist Philosophy) by Laurie Shrage