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ISBN-10: 1402043880

ISBN-13: 9781402043888

ISBN-10: 1402043899

ISBN-13: 9781402043895

Stresses in crops as a result of salt, drought, temperature, oxygen, and poisonous compounds are the primary explanation for relief in crop yield. for instance, excessive salinity in soils debts for big decline within the yield of a large choice of vegetation global over; ~1000 million ha of land is laid low with soil salinity. elevated solar results in the iteration of reactive oxygen species, which harm the plant cells. the specter of worldwide atmosphere switch makes it more and more not easy to generate crop vegetation that can face up to such harsh stipulations. a lot growth has been made within the identity and characterization of the mechanisms that permit vegetation to tolerate abiotic stresses. the certainty of metabolic fluxes and the most constraints liable for the construction of appropriate solutes and the id of many transporters, jointly open the opportunity of genetic engineering in crop crops with the concomitant stronger rigidity tolerance. Abiotic pressure Tolerance in vegetation is a brand new ebook with specialise in how crops adapt to abiotic rigidity and the way genetic engineering may well increase the worldwide atmosphere and meals offer. specially, the applying of biotechnology in Asia and Africa will be vital. Environmental rigidity impression isn't just on present crop species, yet can be the paramount barrier to the advent of crop vegetation into parts now not at the moment getting used for agriculture. Stresses are inclined to increase the severity of difficulties to be confronted through vegetation within the close to future.

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6 times in comparison to those under control condition. On the other hand, it was observed that expression of only 5 genes was induced in rice roots. PMP3 and inorganic pyrophosphatase, the genes related to maintaining ion homeostasis, are commonly up-regulated in both barley and rice roots, but these inductions were not sustained in rice at 24 h. In yeast, it was shown that loss of PMP3 gene causes saltsensitive phenotype [42]. This indicates that adaptive mechanisms for regulating ion homeostasis are partly conserved in the two species, but it seems that rice can not sustain cellular ion homeostasis for a long time like barley.

Leonhardt, G. I. (2004) Microarray expression analyses of Arabidopsis guard cells and isolation of a recessive abscisic acid hypersensitive protein phosphatase 2C mutant. Plant Cell 16, 596-615. V. H. (2002) Genome-wide gene expression profiling in Arabidopsis thaliana reveals new targets of abscisic acid and largely impaired gene regulation in the abi1-1 mutant. J. Cell Sci. 115, 4891-4900. , Hohener, B. and Grill, E. (2002) Homeodomain protein ATHB6 is a target of the protein phosphatase ABI1 and regulates hormone responses in Arabidopsis.

W. (2003) Calcium/calmodulin-mediated signal network in plants. Trends Plant Sci. 8, 505-512. 68. K. (2003) Regulation of ion homeostasis under salt stress. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 6, 441-445. 69. S. K. (2004) The SOS3 family of calcium sensors and SOS2 family of protein kinases in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 134, 919-926. STRE SS SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION 70. , Yalovsky, S. and Gruissem, W. (2002) Calmodulins and calcineurin B-like proteins: calcium sensors for specific signal response coupling in plants.

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Abiotic stress tolerance in plants by LIMING XIONG, MANABU ISHITANI (auth.), ASHWANI K. RAI, TERUHIRO TAKABE (eds.)

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